A strong type system for R

This project is maintained by renkun-ken


Build Status

rtype is a strong type system for R which supports symbol declaration and assignment with type checking.

Release notes


You can install the latest released version from CRAN with


or the latest development version from GitHub with



Declaring symbols

Declare symbols Before using them.

x :  NULL
y :  num(0) 
z :  logi(0) 

Assignment with type checking

# NULL symbol can be assigned any value
numeric(x) <- c(1,2,3.5)

# numeric symbol can be assigned only numeric value
# is.numeric(y) = TRUE, and is.numeric(c(1,2,3)) = TRUE
numeric(y) <- c(1,2,3)

# the symbol does not take value that violates its type checking
# is.integer(y) = FALSE (violation)
integer(y) <- c(1L,2L)
Error: symbol fails type checking with .Primitive("is.integer")
# the assignment fails if the value does not pass type checking
# is.logical(z) = TRUE, but is.logical(c(1,2,3)) = FALSE (violation)
logical(z) <- c(1,2,3)
Error: value fails type checking with .Primitive("is.logical")

Assignment with condition checking

Checking single condition

# assign value checking condition length = 3
numeric(x, length = 3) <- c(1,2,3)

# stop if condition is violated
numeric(x, length = 3) <- c(1,2,3,4)
Error: value [length = 4L] violates condition [length = 3]

Checking multiple conditions

# assign value checking multiple conditions
data.frame(df, ncol=2, nrow=10) <- data.frame(x=1:10,y=letters[1:10])
# or equivalently
data.frame(df, dim=c(10,2)) <- data.frame(x=1:10,y=letters[1:10])

# stop if any condition is violated
data.frame(df, ncol=3, nrow=10) <- data.frame(x=1:10,y=letters[1:10])
Error: value [ncol = 2L] violates condition [ncol = 3]

Checking function conditions

# checking function condition
cond1 <- function(x) mean(x) <= 5
numeric(x, length = 10, cond1) <- 0:9
numeric(x, length = 10, cond1) <- 1:10
Error: value violates condition [function (x) mean(x) <= 5]

General checking

check(x, class="integer", length=10) <- 1:10
check(x, class="numeric", length=10) <- 1:10
Error: value [class = "integer"] violates condition [class = "numeric"]

Help overview

help(package = rtype)


This package is under MIT License.